Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery 2.1
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease
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calcium/calmodulin dependent protein kinase II gamma(CAMK2G) calcium/calmodulin dependent protein kinase II gamma(CAMK2G) Related Genes Homo sapiens
CHROMOSOME 10,
CYTOBAND 10q22,
ENSEMBL_GENE_ID ENSG00000148660,
GENERIF_SUMMARY role in cell communication, cloning, genomic structure and detection of variants in subjects with Type II diabetes, measured differences in CaMKII binding affinities for CaM play a minor role in the autophosphorylation of the enzyme, largely dictated by autophosphorylation rate for alpha, beta, gamma and delta isoforms, CaMKIIgamma is necessary to suppress MCAK depolymerase activity in vivo., A transgenic, constitutively active, Ca2+-independent form of CaMKgamma reduces positive selection of T cells by maintaining association of SHP-2 with the T cell receptor (TCR) complex, and halting TCR signaling., Amphetamine in a cell line induces a robust increase in cytosolic Ca2+ and concomitant activation of calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII)., Significant cross-talk between calcium and retinoic acid signaling pathways regulates the differentiation of myeloid leukemia cells., insulin in the presence of Angiotensin II inhibits protein phosphatase-2A (PP-2A) and stimulates autonomous CaM kinase II activities and thus vascular smooth muscle migration, IGF-II/mannose-6-phosphate receptor signaling induced cell hypertrophy and atrial natriuretic peptide/BNP expression via Galphaq interaction and protein kinase C-alpha/CaMKII activation in H9c2 cardiomyoblast cells., CaMKIIgamma is a critical regulator of multiple signaling networks regulating the proliferation of myeloid leukemia cells, In Turner yndrome, loss of voltage-dependent inactivation is an upstream initiating event for arrhythmia phenotypes that are ultimately dependent on CaMKII activation., increased RyR2-dependent Ca2+ leakage due to enhanced CaMKII activity is an important downstream effect of CaMKII in individuals susceptible to AF induction., These data demonstrate that alphaKAP exhibits a novel interaction with SERCA2a and may serve to spatially position CaMKII isoforms at the SR and to uniquely modulate the phosphorylation of PLN., P2X7 receptor-triggered signalling pathways that regulate neurite formation in neuroblastoma cells., Study further supports self-aggregation of CaMKII holoenzymes as the underlying mechanism that involves inter-holoenzyme T286-region/T-site interaction., The interaction between CaMKII and its binding proteins was altered by the phosphorylation state of both the CaMKII and the partner., CaMKII is a molecular link translating intracellular calcium changes, which are intrinsically associated with glioma migration, to changes in ClC-3 conductance required for cell movement, Our results suggest a first observation that CaMKII regulates TRAIL-mediated apoptosis of fibroblast-like synovial cells through Akt, standing an upstream of caspase-8-dependent cascades., These results indicated that PP6 and CaMKII regulated apoptosis by controlling the expression level of p27., Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent kinase II participate in control of cell cycle progression and survival of irradiated CML cells., study shows CaMKII is recruited to the immunological synapse where it interacts with and phosphorylates Bcl10; propose a mechanism whereby Ca(2+) signals can be integrated at the immunological synapse through CaMKII-dependent phosphorylation of Bcl10, increases in Ca(2+) lead to CaMKII activation and subsequent Lck-dependent p66Shc phosphorylation on Serine 36. This event causes both mitochondrial dysfunction and impaired Ca(2+) homeostasis, which synergize in promoting Jurkat T-cell apoptosis., study demonstrates that premitotic condensation involves the activation of ClC-3 by Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II in glioma cells, CaMKII binding to and phosphorylation of the NHE3 C terminus are parts of the physiologic regulation of NHE3 that occurs in fibroblasts as well as in the brush border of an intestinal Na(+)-absorptive cell., CaMKII was also necessary for the phosphorylation of Raf-1 at S338 by serum, fibronectin and Ras., we review the cellular colocalization of CaMKII isoforms with special regard to the cell-type specificity of isoform expression in brain--REVIEW, 75-84% of wild type)., These findings revealed a fundamental role of CaMKII in the enteric nervous system., The CaMKII phosphorylation motif in the Nav1.5 DI-DII cytoplasmic loop is a critical point for proarrhythmic changes., Data indicate that CaMKII gamma as a specific and critical target of berbamine for its antileukemia activity., results show that CAMKII and calmodulin contribute to IKK complex activation and thus to the induction of NF-kappaB in response to H. pylori infection, Activated CaMK-II interacts with the C-terminal domain of diacylglycerol lipase-alpha (DGLalpha) and inhibits DGLalpha activity., the chronic gain-of-function defect in RyR2 due to CaMKII hyperphosphorylation is a novel mechanism that contributes to pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes, CaMKII overexpression in mushroom body neurons increases activity dependent calcium responses., Our data suggest that berbamine and its derivatives are promising agents to suppress liver cancer growth by targeting CAMKII, it can be concluded that CaMKII regulates the activity of ASIC1, which is associated with the ability of GBM cells to migrate., our findings described a previously uncharacterized role of CaMKIIgamma in non-small cell lung cancer, CAMKIIgamma, HSP70 and HSP90 transcripts are differentially expressed in chronic myeloid leukemia cells from patients with resistant mutated disease., When inhibiting CaMKII, B-cell activating factor (BAFF) is attenuated and mediates protein phosphatase (PP)2A-Erk1/2 signaling and B-cell proliferation., CaMKII-dependent microtube polymerization may be responsible for the enhanced uptake of PEI/ON complexes in A549 cells under oxidative stress conditions., Inhibition of CaMKII activity results in an upregulation of CaMKIV mRNA and protein in leukemia cell lines., Dysfunction in CaMKII-based signaling has been linked with a host of cardiovascular phenotypes including heart failure and arrhythmia, and CaMKII levels are elevated in human and animal disease models of heart disease., High CaMKIIgamma expression is associated with lung cancer., Demonstrate that calcium/CaMKIIgamma/AKT signaling can regulate apoptosis and autophagy simultaneously in colorectal cancer cells.,
OFFICIAL_GENE_SYMBOL CAMK2G,
SP_COMMENT catalytic activity:ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein., enzyme regulation:Autophosphorylation of CAMK2 plays an important role in the regulation of the kinase activity., function:CaM-kinase II (CAMK2) is a prominent kinase in the central nervous system that may function in long-term potentiation and neurotransmitter release., similarity:Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily., similarity:Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. CAMK Ser/Thr protein kinase family. CaMK subfamily., similarity:Contains 1 protein kinase domain., subunit:CAMK2 is composed of four different chains: alpha, beta, gamma, and delta. The different isoforms assemble into homo- or heteromultimeric holoenzymes composed of 8 to 12 subunits.,