Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery 2.1
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease
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ELK1, ETS transcription factor(ELK1) ELK1, ETS transcription factor(ELK1) Related Genes Homo sapiens
CHROMOSOME X,
CYTOBAND Xp11.2,
ENSEMBL_GENE_ID ENSG00000126767,
GENERIF_SUMMARY Complexities in Elk-1 transcription factor function and regulation, The Elk-1 R motif and the p300 CRD1 motif represent a new class of repression domains that are regulated in a context-dependent manner., Interaction of serum response factor (SRF) with the Elk-1 B box inhibits RhoA-actin signaling to SRF and potentiates transcriptional activation by Elk-1, Bombesin-dependent activation of the transcription factor Elk-1 and significant increase of cell proliferation in prostate cancer cell lines, role in signal cascade in immediate-early gene induction by anisomycin and arsenite, ERK pathway activation leads to both phosphorylation of Elk-1 and loss of SUMO conjugation. This reciprocal regulation of activation and repression are coupled by MAP kinase modification of Elk-1., SUMO conjugation is a novel regulator of Elk-1 function through the control of its nuclear-cytoplasmic shuttling., transcriptional activities of ElK-1 and AP-1 are inhibited by TRIM45, a novel human RBCC/TRIM protein, Deletion analyses of the Egr-1 promoter identify a minimal estradiol-responsive region of the promoter containing a serum response element which binds Elk-1 and serum response factor., H. pylori induction of villin in the stomach correlates with activation and cooperative binding of Elk-1 and the SRF to the proximal promoter of villin, Basal and inducible phosphorylation of Elk-1 is impaired in a patient with premature aging syndrome and insulin resistance., Data suggest that residues distal to the binding interface of DNA and Elk-1/SAP-1 may indirectly modulate the binding affinity by stabilizing the protein scaffold required for efficient DNA interaction., PKCalpha expression may be modulated by Elk-1 and MZF-1 at the transcriptional level., PI3K through p21-activated kinase 1 regulates FRA-1 proto-oncogene induction by cigarette smoke and the subsequent activation of the Elk1 and cAMP-response element-binding protein transcription factors, JNK1 and JNK2 differentially regulate TBP through Elk-1, controlling c-Jun expression and cell proliferation, PKC-eta-mediated glioblastoma proliferation involves MEK/mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase phosphorylation, activation of ERK and subsequently of Elk-1., Increased expression of transcription factor Elk-1 may play an important role in esophageal carcinogenesis., Human Rev7 (hRev7)/MAD2B/MAD2L2 is an interaction partner for Elk-1 and hRev7 acts to promote Elk-1 phosphorylation by the c-Jun N-terminal protein kinase (JNK) MAP kinases., Elk1 transcription factor targets a binding site in the TBP promoter and its occupancy of this region is reciprocal with that of Mif1., The 5' UTR controls ribosomal access to the ELK-1 AUG initiation codon., BFGF activates the MAPK and NFkappB pathways that converge on ELK1 to control production of MMP13 by articular chondrocytes., Elk-1 exerted opposite effects on hSlu7 transcription, Elk-1 activated transcription of the HTLV-1 long terminal repeat (LTR), and mutations within either of the TCF sites or the CArG box reduced responsiveness of the LTR to Elk-1., Hemin activated Elk-1, SRF, and NF-kappaB and promoted their interaction with the Egr-1 promoter, MDMX basal promoter activity requires c-Ets-1 and Elk-1. c-Ets-1 and Elk-1 control MDMX transcription and contribute to the suppression of p53 activity., These results strongly support that Elk-1 protein is a novel binding-protein partner for FAK, a finding that significantly broadens the potential functioning of FAK and Elk-1., ERK and JNK MAPK/Elk-1/Egr-1 signal cascade is required for p53-independent transcriptional activation of p21(Waf1/Cip1) in response to curcumin in U-87MG human glioblastoma cells, the early growth response 1 gene is repressed by Elk1 in normally cycling SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cell line, Results suggest that Elk-1 is anchored to neuronal microtubules in resting or unstimulated cells, and upon stimulation is phosphorylated, which relocalizes phospho-Elk-1 to the nucleus in neurons., Elk-1 is involved in upregulating HRI expression during stress along with a co-activator p300, while MZF-1 along with HDAC-1 is instrumental in its downregulation during hemin treatment., Constitutive androstane receptor expression may be mediated by phosphorylated Elk-1 via the SAPK signaling pathway, FcgammaRIIIB, but not FcgammaRIIA, activates a unique signaling pathway leading to the nuclear-restricted phosphorylation of ERK and Elk-1, independently of Syk, PI3K, or MEK, polymorphism rs968567 influences FADS2 gene promoter activity and alters DNA binding affinity of the transcription factor ELK1., Data show that a significant overlaps between the ELK1- and SRF-binding regions, and between ELK1- and GABPA-binding regions., Data show that T417(+) Elk-1 uniquely associates with several types of inclusions present in Lewy body Disease, Alzheimer's disease, and Huntington's Disease., The authors now show that the inactivation of either the Elk-1 or serum response factor (SRF) binding site within the enhancer also reduces major immediate-early promoter activation and viral replication of human cytomegalovirus in fibroblasts., preferential activation of PTPRZ1 by HIF-2 results at least in part from cooperative binding of HIF-2 and ELK1 to nearby sites on the PTPRZ1 promoter region, Results demonstrate that SENP1 is the most efficient SUMO protease acting on Elk-1, and that SENP3 has little effect on Elk-1. SENP2 has an intermediate effect, but its ability to activate Elk-1 is independent from its SUMO-deconjugating activity., findings suggest that MLL-AF4 family fusion oncoproteins can activate Elk-1 through Ras/MEK/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway and strongly support the role of Ras signaling in the pathogenesis of MLL-rearranged leukemia, AC3-33 is a novel member of the secretory family and inhibits Elk1 transcriptional activity via ERK1/2 MAP, Epidermal growth factor regulates PAI-1 expression via activation of the transcription factor Elk-1., small molecules such as celecoxib induce DR5 expression through activating ERK/RSK signaling and subsequent Elk1 activation and ATF4-dependent CHOP induction, the ERK/ELK-1 cascade is involved in p53-independent induction of p21 and BAX gene expression., Genome-wide analysis reveals PADI4 cooperates with Elk-1 to activate c-Fos expression in breast cancer cells., DJ-1 regulates SOD1 expression through Erk1/2-Elk1 pathway in its protective response to oxidative insult., Formation of ternary complex of human biliverdin reductase-protein kinase Cdelta-ERK2 protein is essential for ERK2-mediated activation of Elk1 protein, nuclear factor-kappaB, and inducible nitric-oxidase synthase (iNOS)., Activation of the Elk-1 led to an increased survival and a proliferative response with the EGF stimulation, and knocking-down the Elk-1 caused a decrease in survival of U138 glioblastoma cells., association between the expression of PKCalpha and the expression of the transcription factors Elk-1 and MZF-1 in breast cancer cell lines, demonstrate that ELK-1 expression arises by a combination of leaky scanning and reinitiation, with the latter mediated by the small upstream ORF2 conserved in both spliced isoforms, EGF activates TTP expression by activation of ELK-1 and EGR-1 transcription factors., Although the findings showed elevated expression of Elk-1 and PKCalpha in 5637 cells, the regulator of PKCalpha in bladder cancer cells is yet to be determined., This is demonstrated for the unique binding mode where a novel role for ELK1 in controlling cell migration is revealed., Authors define the minimal promoter region of EVI1 and demonstrate that RUNX1 and ELK1, two proteins with essential functions in hematopoiesis, regulate EVI1 in AML., Elk-1 pT417 is present in epithelial cell nuclei of various normal and cancer tissues and the number of pT417-positive cells correlates with differentiation grade of colonic adenocarcinomas., The binding of Ets1 and Elk1 together to the proximal CIP2A promoter is absolutely required for CIP2A expression in cervical, endometrial and liver carcinoma cell lines, Elk1 is positively associated with estrogen receptor and Cyclin D1 expression in breast cancer. Luminal A/B Her-2 negative subtypes showed more Elk-1 activity compared to Her-2 and Basal subtype. No clinicopathologic or prognostic associations were found., although ELK1 and GABPA ultimately control the same biological process, they do so by regulating different cohorts of target genes associated with cytoskeletal functions and cell migration contro, Elk-1 interacts with the cell cycle kinase Aurora-A, and when Aurora inhibitors are used, P-S383-Elk-1 fails to localize to the poles and remains associated with DNA., The ETS domain transcription factor ELK1 directs a critical component of growth signaling by the androgen receptor in prostate cancer cells., Ethanol increases Pol III transcription through a response element which is composed of the overlapping Elk1 and AP-1 binding sites of the TBP promoter. The binding sites may play a role in ethanol-induced deregulation of Pol III genes in liver tumors., Sorafenib induces endometrial carcinoma apoptosis by inhibiting Elk-1-dependent Mcl-1 transcription and inducing Akt/GSK3beta-dependent protein degradation., Strikingly, promoters bound by ELK1 without ERK2 are occupied by Polycomb group proteins that repress genes involved in lineage commitment., Analysis implies a role of ELK-1 in the differences between pluripotent stem cells with distinct X chromosome inactivation statuses., novel GrB-EH(ITSN)-dependent pathogenic p38(MAPK)/Elk-1 signaling pathway involved in the poorly understood process of PL formation in severe PAH., FBXO25 mediates ELK-1 degradation through the ubiquitin proteasome system and thereby plays a role in regulating the activation of ELK-1 pathway in response to mitogens, Two members of the ETS (E-26) family (PEA3 and ELK-1) regulate the expression of miRNA-200b. PEA3 promotes the expression of miRNA-200b, and ELK-1 is a transcriptional repressor of miRNA-200b., TNF-alpha modulation of intestinal epithelial tight junction barrier is regulated by ERK1/2 activation of Elk-1., our data suggest that preferential binding of activated Elk-1 to the IL10 rs3122605-G allele upregulates IL10 expression and confers increased risk for SLE in European Americans., interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta)-induced IER3 expression is mediated by the ERK1/2 target, transcription factor Elk-1., Data show that afatinib reduced Elk-1 transcription factor binding to the CIP2A protein promoter and suppressed CIP2A transcription., These findings suggest that PKCalpha expression in HCC could be stimulated by the formation of MZF-1/Elk-1 complex, which directly binds to the PKCalpha promoter., results suggest that ELK1 plays an important role in bladder tumorigenesis and cancer progression., Downregulated expression of transcriptional activator ELK-1 may play an important role in the pathogenesis of atrial fibrillation., Negative feedback regulation of AXL by miR-34a modulates apoptosis in lung cancer cells by activating the transcription factor ELK1 via the JNK signaling pathway., ELK1 is likely to be activated in prostate cancer cells and promote tumor progression. Furthermore, silodosin that inactivates ELK1 in prostate cancer cells not only inhibits their growth but also enhances the cytotoxic activity of gemcitabine.,
OFFICIAL_GENE_SYMBOL ELK1,
SP_COMMENT function:Stimulates transcription. Binds to purine-rich DNA sequences. Can form a ternary complex with the serum response factor and the ETS and SRF motifs of the fos serum response element., PTM:On mitogenic stimulation, phosphorylated on C-terminal serine and threonine residues by MAPK1. Ser-383 and Ser-389 are the preferred sites for MAPK1. In vitro, phosphorylation by MAPK1 potentiates ternary complex formation with the serum responses factors, SRE and SRF. Phosphorylation leads to loss of sumoylation and restores transcriptional activator activity., PTM:Sumoylation represses transcriptional activator activity as it results in recruitment of HDAC2 to target gene promoters which leads to decreased histone acetylation and reduced transactivator activity. It also regulates nuclear retention., similarity:Belongs to the ETS family., similarity:Contains 1 ETS DNA-binding domain., subunit:Interacts in its sumoylated form with PIAS2/PIASX which enhances its transcriptional activator activity., tissue specificity:Lung and testis.,